zinc finger homeobox 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a transcription factor with multiple homeodomains and zinc finger motifs, and regulates myogenic and neuronal differentiation. The encoded protein suppresses expression of the alpha-fetoprotein gene by binding to an AT-rich enhancer motif. The protein has also been shown to negatively regulate c-Myb, and transactivate the cell cycle inhibitor cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (also known as p21CIP1). This gene is reported to function as a tumor suppressor in several cancers, and sequence variants of this gene are also associated with atrial fibrillation. Multiple transcript variants expressed from alternate promoters and encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
From UniProt: ZFHX3_HUMAN:
Transcriptional regulator which can act as an activator or a repressor. Inhibits the enhancer element of the AFP gene by binding to its AT-rich core sequence. In concert with SMAD-dependent TGF-beta signaling can repress the transcription of AFP via its interaction with SMAD2/3 (PubMed:25105025). Regulates the circadian locomotor rhythms via transcriptional activation of neuropeptidergic genes which are essential for intercellular synchrony and rhythm amplitude in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the brain (By similarity). Regulator of myoblasts differentiation through the binding to the AT-rich sequence of MYF6 promoter and promoter repression (PubMed:11312261). Down-regulates the MUC5AC promoter in gastric cancer (PubMed:17330845). In association with RUNX3, upregulates CDKN1A promoter activity following TGF-beta stimulation (PubMed:20599712). Inhibits estrogen receptor (ESR1) function by selectively competing with coactivator NCOA3 for binding to ESR1 in ESR1-positive breast cancer cells (PubMed:20720010).