YARS gene

tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases catalyze the aminoacylation of tRNA by their cognate amino acid. Because of their central role in linking amino acids with nucleotide triplets contained in tRNAs, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are thought to be among the first proteins that appeared in evolution. Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase belongs to the class I tRNA synthetase family. Cytokine activities have also been observed for the human tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase, after it is split into two parts, an N-terminal fragment that harbors the catalytic site and a C-terminal fragment found only in the mammalian enzyme. The N-terminal fragment is an interleukin-8-like cytokine, whereas the released C-terminal fragment is an EMAP II-like cytokine. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Catalyzes the attachment of tyrosine to tRNA(Tyr) in a two-step reaction: tyrosine is first activated by ATP to form Tyr-AMP and then transferred to the acceptor end of tRNA(Tyr).

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate C

From UniProt:

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant, intermediate type, C (CMTDIC): A form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. The dominant intermediate type C is characterized by clinical and pathologic features intermediate between demyelinating and axonal peripheral neuropathies, and motor median nerve conduction velocities ranging from 25 to 45 m/sec. [MIM:608323]

Cytogenetic Location: 1p35.1, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 1 at position 35.1

Molecular Location: base pairs 32,775,238 to 32,818,032 on chromosome 1 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109, GRCh38.p12) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 1p35.1, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 1 at position 35.1
  • CMTDIC
  • TYRRS
  • YRS
  • YTS