The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This locus encodes a xylosyltransferase enzyme. The encoded protein catalyzes transfer of UDP-xylose to serine residues of an acceptor protein substrate. This transfer reaction is necessary for biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycan chains. Mutations in this gene have been associated with increased severity of pseudoxanthoma elasticum.[provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]
Catalyzes the first step in the biosynthesis of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate proteoglycans, such as DCN. Transfers D-xylose from UDP-D-xylose to specific serine residues of the core protein (PubMed:15461586, PubMed:17189265, PubMed:24581741, PubMed:23982343). Required for normal embryonic and postnatal skeleton development, especially of the long bones (PubMed:24581741, PubMed:23982343). Required for normal maturation of chondrocytes during bone development, and normal onset of ossification.
From NCBI Gene:
- Desbuquois dysplasia 2
- Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
Desbuquois dysplasia 2 (DBQD2): A chondrodysplasia characterized by severe prenatal and postnatal growth retardation (less than -5 SD), joint laxity, short extremities, progressive scoliosis, round face, midface hypoplasia, prominent bulging eyes. The main radiologic features are short long bones with metaphyseal splay, a 'Swedish key' appearance of the proximal femur (exaggerated trochanter), and advance carpal and tarsal bone age. Two forms of Desbuquois dysplasia are distinguished on the basis of the presence or absence of characteristic hand anomalies: an extra ossification center distal to the second metacarpal, delta phalanx, bifid distal thumb phalanx, and phalangeal dislocations. [MIM:615777]
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE): A multisystem disorder characterized by accumulation of mineralized and fragmented elastic fibers in the skin, vascular walls, and Burch membrane in the eye. Clinically, patients exhibit characteristic lesions of the posterior segment of the eye including peau d'orange, angioid streaks, and choroidal neovascularizations, of the skin including soft, ivory colored papules in a reticular pattern that predominantly affect the neck and large flexor surfaces, and of the cardiovascular system with peripheral and coronary arterial occlusive disease as well as gastrointestinal bleedings. [MIM:264800]