X-prolyl aminopeptidase 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of X-pro-aminopeptidases that utilize a metal cofactor, and remove the N-terminal amino acid from peptides with a proline residue in the penultimate position. This protein has been shown to localize to the mitochondria of renal cells, and have a role in ciliary function. Mutations in this gene are associated with nephronophthisis-like nephropathy-1. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene, however, expression of some of these isoforms in vivo is not known.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]
Catalyzes the removal of a penultimate prolyl residue from the N-termini of peptides, such as Leu-Pro-Ala (PubMed:25609706, PubMed:28476889). Also shows low activity towards peptides with Ala or Ser at the P1 position (PubMed:28476889).
Isoform 1: Promotes TNFRSF1B-mediated phosphorylation of MAPK8/JNK1 and MAPK9/JNK2, suggesting a function as an adapter protein for TNFRSF1B; the effect is independent of XPNPEP3 peptidase activity. May inhibit apoptotic cell death induced via TNF-TNFRSF1B signaling.
From NCBI Gene:
- Nephronophthisis-like nephropathy 1
Nephronophthisis-like nephropathy 1 (NPHPL1): A disorder with features of nephronophthisis, a cystic kidney disease leading to end-stage renal failure. Nephronophthisis is histologically characterized by modifications of the tubules with thickening of the basement membrane, interstitial fibrosis and, in the advanced stages, medullary cysts. Typical clinical manifestation are chronic renal failure, anemia, polyuria, polydipsia, isosthenuria, and growth retardation. Associations with extrarenal symptoms are frequent. In NPHPL1 patients, extrarenal symptoms include hypertension, essential tremor, sensorineural hearing loss and gout. Severely affected individuals can manifest a mitochondrial disorder with isolated complex I deficiency activity in muscle, seizures, mental retardation and hypertrophic dilated cardiomyopathy. [MIM:613159]