WWOX gene

WW domain containing oxidoreductase

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a member of the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) protein family. This gene spans the FRA16D common chromosomal fragile site and appears to function as a tumor suppressor gene. Expression of the encoded protein is able to induce apoptosis, while defects in this gene are associated with multiple types of cancer. Disruption of this gene is also associated with autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia 12. Disruption of a similar gene in mouse results in impaired steroidogenesis, additionally suggesting a metabolic function for the protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

From UniProt:

Putative oxidoreductase. Acts as a tumor suppressor and plays a role in apoptosis. Required for normal bone development (By similarity). May function synergistically with p53/TP53 to control genotoxic stress-induced cell death. Plays a role in TGFB1 signaling and TGFB1-mediated cell death. May also play a role in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated cell death. Inhibits Wnt signaling, probably by sequestering DVL2 in the cytoplasm.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 12
  • Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 28
  • Malignant tumor of esophagus

From UniProt:

Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive, 12 (SCAR12): A form of spinocerebellar ataxia, a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of cerebellar disorders. Patients show progressive incoordination of gait and often poor coordination of hands, speech and eye movements, due to degeneration of the cerebellum with variable involvement of the brainstem and spinal cord. SCAR12 is additionally characterized by onset of generalized seizures in infancy, and delayed psychomotor development with mental retardation. Some patients may also show spasticity. [MIM:614322]

Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 28 (EIEE28): A form of epileptic encephalopathy, a heterogeneous group of severe childhood onset epilepsies characterized by refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental impairment, and poor prognosis. Development is normal prior to seizure onset, after which cognitive and motor delays become apparent. [MIM:616211]

Defects in WWOX may be involved in several cancer types. The gene spans the second most common chromosomal fragile site (FRA16D) which is frequently altered in cancers (PubMed:10861292). Alteration of the expression and expression of some isoforms is associated with cancers. However, it is still unclear if alteration of WWOX is directly implicated in cancerogenesis or if it corresponds to a secondary effect (PubMed:10861292, PubMed:11572989, PubMed:15266310, PubMed:15073125, PubMed:15131042).

Esophageal cancer (ESCR): A malignancy of the esophagus. The most common types are esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Cancer of the esophagus remains a devastating disease because it is usually not detected until it has progressed to an advanced incurable stage. [MIM:133239]

Cytogenetic Location: 16q23.1-q23.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 16 between positions 23.1 and 23.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 78,099,654 to 79,212,667 on chromosome 16 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 16q23.1-q23.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 16 between positions 23.1 and 23.2
  • D16S432E
  • EIEE28
  • FOR
  • FRA16D
  • HHCMA56
  • PRO0128
  • SCAR12
  • SDR41C1
  • WOX1