WD repeat and FYVE domain containing 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate-binding protein that functions as a master conductor for aggregate clearance by autophagy. This protein shuttles from the nuclear membrane to colocalize with aggregated proteins, where it complexes with other autophagic components to achieve macroautophagy-mediated clearance of these aggregated proteins. However, it is not necessary for starvation-induced macroautophagy. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
Required for selective macroautophagy (aggrephagy). Acts as an adapter protein by linking specific proteins destined for degradation to the core autophagic machinery members, such as the ATG5-ATG12-ATG16L E3-like ligase, SQSTM1 and LC3 (PubMed:20417604). Along with p62/SQSTM1, involved in the formation and autophagic degradation of cytoplasmic ubiquitin-containing inclusions (p62 bodies, ALIS/aggresome-like induced structures). Along with SQSTM1, required to recruit ubiquitinated proteins to PML bodies in the nucleus (PubMed:20168092). Important for normal brain development. Essential for the formation of axonal tracts throughout the brain and spinal cord, including the formation of the major forebrain commissures. Involved in the ability of neural cells to respond to guidance cues. Required for cortical neurons to respond to the trophic effects of netrin-1/NTN1 (By similarity). Regulates Wnt signaling through the removal of DVL3 aggregates, likely in an autophagy-dependent manner. This process may be important for the determination of brain size during embryonic development (PubMed:27008544). May regulate osteoclastogenesis by acting on the TNFSF11/RANKL - TRAF6 pathway (By similarity). After cytokinetic abscission, involved in midbody remnant degradation (PubMed:24128730). In vitro strongly binds to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P) (PubMed:15292400).
From NCBI Gene:
- Microcephaly 18, primary, autosomal dominant
Microcephaly 18, primary, autosomal dominant (MCPH18): A form of microcephaly, a disease defined as a head circumference more than 3 standard deviations below the age, sex and ethnically matched mean. Brain weight is markedly reduced and the cerebral cortex is disproportionately small. MCPH18 affected individuals manifest microcephaly with mild to moderate intellectual disability. [MIM:617520]