WARS1 gene

tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase 1

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases catalyze the aminoacylation of tRNA by their cognate amino acid. Because of their central role in linking amino acids with nucleotide triplets contained in tRNAs, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are thought to be among the first proteins that appeared in evolution. Two forms of tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase exist, a cytoplasmic form, named WARS, and a mitochondrial form, named WARS2. Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (WARS) catalyzes the aminoacylation of tRNA(trp) with tryptophan and is induced by interferon. Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase belongs to the class I tRNA synthetase family. Four transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Isoform 1, isoform 2 and T1-TrpRS have aminoacylation activity while T2-TrpRS lacks it. Isoform 2, T1-TrpRS and T2-TrpRS possess angiostatic activity whereas isoform 1 lacks it. T2-TrpRS inhibits fluid shear stress-activated responses of endothelial cells. Regulates ERK, Akt, and eNOS activation pathways that are associated with angiogenesis, cytoskeletal reorganization and shear stress-responsive gene expression.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, type 9

From UniProt:

Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, 9 (HMN9): An autosomal dominant neurologic disorder characterized by juvenile onset of slowly progressive distal muscle weakness and atrophy affecting both the lower and upper limbs. [MIM:617721]

Cytogenetic Location: 14q32.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 14 at position 32.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 100,333,789 to 100,376,327 on chromosome 14 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 14q32.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 14 at position 32.2
  • GAMMA-2
  • HMN9
  • IFI53
  • IFP53
  • WARS