VPS33A, CORVET/HOPS core subunit
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a tethering protein and a core subunit of the homotypic fusion and protein sorting (HOPS) complex. The HOPS complex and a second endosomal tethering complex called the class C core vacuole/endosome tethering (CORVET) complex, perform diverse functions in endocytosis including membrane tethering, RabGTPase interaction, activation and proofreading of synaptic-soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment receptor (SNARE) assembly to drive membrane fusion, and endosome-to-cytoskeleton attachment. The HOPS complex controls endosome maturation as well as endosome traffic to the lysosome. This complex is essential for vacuolar fusion and is required for adaptor protein complex 3-dependent transport from the golgi to the vacuole. The encoded protein belongs to the Sec1/Munc18 (SM) family of SNARE-mediated membrane fusion regulators. Naturally occurring mutations in this gene are associated with a novel mucopolysaccharidosis-like disease. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]
Plays a role in vesicle-mediated protein trafficking to lysosomal compartments including the endocytic membrane transport and autophagic pathways. Believed to act as a core component of the putative HOPS and CORVET endosomal tethering complexes which are proposed to be involved in the Rab5-to-Rab7 endosome conversion probably implicating MON1A/B, and via binding SNAREs and SNARE complexes to mediate tethering and docking events during SNARE-mediated membrane fusion. The HOPS complex is proposed to be recruited to Rab7 on the late endosomal membrane and to regulate late endocytic, phagocytic and autophagic traffic towards lysosomes. The CORVET complex is proposed to function as a Rab5 effector to mediate early endosome fusion probably in specific endosome subpopulations (PubMed:23351085, PubMed:24554770, PubMed:25266290, PubMed:25783203). Required for fusion of endosomes and autophagosomes with lysosomes; the function is dependent on its association with VPS16 but not VIPAS39 (PubMed:25783203). The function in autophagosome-lysosome fusion implicates STX17 but not UVRAG (PubMed:24554770).
From NCBI Gene:
- Mucopolysaccharidosis-plus syndrome
Mucopolysaccharidosis-plus syndrome (MPSPS): A form of mucopolysaccharidosis, a group of diseases characterized by excessive accumulation and secretion of oligomucopoloysaccharides. MPSPS is a multisystemic disorder characterized by coarse facial features, dysostosis multiplex, hepatosplenomegaly, respiratory difficulties, mental retardation, developmental delay, pyramidal signs, severe chronic anemia, renal involvement and cardiac defects. Laboratory analyses show proteinuria with glomerular foamy cells, excess secretion of urinary glycosaminoglycans, and extremely high levels of plasma heparan sulphate. Disease onset is in infancy. Most patients die in the first years of life due to cardiorespiratory failure. MPSPS inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:617303]