unc-119 lipid binding chaperone
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene is specifically expressed in the photoreceptors in the retina. The encoded product shares strong homology with the C. elegans unc119 protein and it can functionally complement the C. elegans unc119 mutation. It has been localized to the photoreceptor synapses in the outer plexiform layer of the retina, and suggested to play a role in the mechanism of photoreceptor neurotransmitter release through the synaptic vesicle cycle. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Involved in synaptic functions in photoreceptor cells, the signal transduction in immune cells as a Src family kinase activator, endosome recycling, the uptake of bacteria and endocytosis, protein trafficking in sensory neurons and as lipid-binding chaperone with specificity for a diverse subset of myristoylated proteins. Specifically binds the myristoyl moiety of a subset of N-terminally myristoylated proteins and is required for their localization. Binds myristoylated GNAT1 and is required for G-protein localization and trafficking in sensory neurons. Probably plays a role in trafficking proteins in photoreceptor cells. Plays important roles in mediating Src family kinase signals for the completion of cytokinesis via RAB11A.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Immunodeficiency 13
Immunodeficiency 13 (IMD13): A rare and heterogeneous syndrome defined by a reproducible reduction in the CD4 T-lymphocyte count (less than 300 cells per microliter or less than 20% of total T-cells) in the absence of HIV infection or other known causes of immunodeficiency. IMD13 predisposes to infections and malignancy. [MIM:615518]
Defects in UNC119 may be a cause of cone-rod dystrophy. A mutation was found in a 57-year-old woman with late-onset cone-rod dystrophy: from 40 year old, the patient suffered from poor night vision, defective color vision and light-sensitivity. At 57 year old, she displayed reduced visual acuity, myopa, macular atrophy and pericentral ring scotomas. The disease was caused by a heterozygous mutation causing premature termination and truncated UNC119 protein with dominant-negative effect.