twinfilin actin binding protein 1
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From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes twinfilin, an actin monomer-binding protein conserved from yeast to mammals. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this protein may be an actin monomer-binding protein, and its localization to cortical G-actin-rich structures may be regulated by the small GTPase RAC1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Actin-binding protein involved in motile and morphological processes. Inhibits actin polymerization, likely by sequestering G-actin. By capping the barbed ends of filaments, it also regulates motility. Seems to play an important role in clathrin-mediated endocytosis and distribution of endocytic organelles.
Defects in TWF1 has been found in a patient with isolated coloboma, a defect of the eye characterized by the absence of ocular structures due to abnormal morphogenesis of the optic cup and stalk, and the fusion of the fetal fissure (optic fissure). Isolated colobomas may be associated with an abnormally small eye (microphthalmia) or small cornea.