teashirt zinc finger homeobox 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a zinc-finger transcription factor that regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation in the developing urinary tract. Consistent with this role, mice in which this gene has been inactivated exhibit abnormal gene expression in urinary tract smooth muscle cell precursors and kidney defects including hydronephrosis. The encoded transcription factor comprises a gene silencing complex that inhibits caspase expression. Reduced expression of this gene and consequent caspase upregulation may be correlated with progression of Alzheimer's disease in human patients. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
Transcriptional regulator involved in developmental processes. Function in association with APBB1, SET and HDAC factors as a transcriptional repressor, that inhibits the expression of CASP4. TSHZ3-mediated transcription repression involves the recruitment of histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2. Associates with chromatin in a region surrounding the CASP4 transcriptional start site(s) (PubMed:19343227). Regulates the development of neurons involved in both respiratory rhythm and airflow control. Promotes maintenance of nucleus ambiguus (nA) motoneurons, which govern upper airway function, and establishes a respiratory rhythm generator (RRG) activity compatible with survival at birth. Involved in the differentiation of the proximal uretic smooth muscle cells during developmental processes. Involved in the up-regulation of myocardin, that directs the expression of smooth muscle cells in the proximal ureter (By similarity). Involved in the modulation of glutamatergic synaptic transmission and long-term synaptic potentiation.
TSHZ3 haploinsufficiency due to proximal chromosome 19q13.11 deletions causes a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by developmental delay, absent or delayed speech, intellectual disability, and autistic features. Some patients may have reanal tract abnormalities.