transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The structure of the protein encoded by this gene is highly related to both the protein ankyrin and transmembrane proteins. The specific function of this protein has not yet been determined; however, studies indicate the function may involve a role in signal transduction and growth control. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Receptor-activated non-selective cation channel involved in pain detection and possibly also in cold perception, oxygen concentration perception, cough, itch, and inner ear function (PubMed:21873995, PubMed:23199233, PubMed:25389312, PubMed:25855297). Shows 8-fold preference for divalent over monovalent cations (PubMed:31447178). Has a central role in the pain response to endogenous inflammatory mediators and to a diverse array of irritants, such as allylthiocyanate (AITC) from mustard oil or wasabi, cinnamaldehyde, diallyl disulfide (DADS) from garlic, and acrolein, an irritant from tears gas and vehicule exhaust fumes (PubMed:25389312, PubMed:27241698, PubMed:30878828, PubMed:20547126). Acts also as an ionotropic cannabinoid receptor by being activated by delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana (PubMed:25389312). Is activated by a large variety of structurally unrelated electrophilic and non-electrophilic chemical compounds. Electrophilic ligands activate TRPA1 by interacting with critical N-terminal Cys residues in a covalent manner, whereas mechanisms of non-electrophilic ligands are not well determined. May be a component for the mechanosensitive transduction channel of hair cells in inner ear, thereby participating in the perception of sounds. Probably operated by a phosphatidylinositol second messenger system (By similarity).
From NCBI Gene:
- Familial episodic pain syndrome 1
Episodic pain syndrome, familial, 1 (FEPS1): An autosomal dominant neurologic disorder characterized by onset in infancy of episodic debilitating upper body pain triggered by fasting, cold, and physical stress. The period of intense pain is accompanied by breathing difficulties, tachycardia, sweating, generalized pallor, peribuccal cyanosis, and stiffness of the abdominal wall. Affected individuals do not manifest altered pain sensitivity outside the episodes. [MIM:615040]