tRNA methyltransferase 10C, mitochondrial RNase P subunit
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes the precursor of a subunit of the mitochondrial ribonuclease P, which is involved in 5' processing of mitochondrial tRNAs. The encoded protein may confer RNA-binding capacity to mitochondrial ribonuclease P and may be essential for transcript processing, RNA modification, translation and mitochondrial respiration. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]
Mitochondrial tRNA N(1)-methyltransferase involved in mitochondrial tRNA maturation (PubMed:18984158, PubMed:21593607, PubMed:23042678, PubMed:27132592). Component of mitochondrial ribonuclease P, a complex composed of TRMT10C/MRPP1, HSD17B10/MRPP2 and PRORP/MRPP3, which cleaves tRNA molecules in their 5'-ends (PubMed:18984158). Together with HSD17B10/MRPP2, forms a subcomplex of the mitochondrial ribonuclease P, named MRPP1-MRPP2 subcomplex, which displays functions that are independent of the ribonuclease P activity (PubMed:23042678, PubMed:29040705). The MRPP1-MRPP2 subcomplex catalyzes the formation of N(1)-methylguanine and N(1)-methyladenine at position 9 (m1G9 and m1A9, respectively) in tRNAs; TRMT10C/MRPP1 acting as the catalytic N(1)-methyltransferase subunit (PubMed:23042678). The MRPP1-MRPP2 subcomplex also acts as a tRNA maturation platform: following 5'-end cleavage by the mitochondrial ribonuclease P complex, the MRPP1-MRPP2 subcomplex enhances the efficiency of 3'-processing catalyzed by ELAC2, retains the tRNA product after ELAC2 processing and presents the nascent tRNA to the mitochondrial CCA tRNA nucleotidyltransferase TRNT1 enzyme (PubMed:29040705). In addition to tRNA N(1)-methyltransferase activity, TRMT10C/MRPP1 also acts as a mRNA N(1)-methyltransferase by mediating methylation of adenosine residues at the N(1) position of MT-ND5 mRNA (PubMed:29072297).
From NCBI Gene:
- Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 30
Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 30 (COXPD30): An autosomal recessive, severe mitochondrial disease characterized by lactic acidosis, hypotonia, feeding difficulties, deafness, and respiratory failure with fatal issue. Patient skeletal muscle cells show decreased activities of mitochondrial complexes I, III and IV. [MIM:616974]