trio Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a large protein that functions as a GDP to GTP exchange factor. This protein promotes the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, thereby playing a role in cell migration and growth. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RHOA and RAC1 GTPases (PubMed:8643598, PubMed:22155786, PubMed:27418539). Involved in coordinating actin remodeling, which is necessary for cell migration and growth (PubMed:10341202, PubMed:22155786). In developing hippocampal neurons, limits dendrite formation, without affecting the establishment of axon polarity. Once dendrites are formed, involved in the control of synaptic function by regulating the endocytosis of AMPA-selective glutamate receptors (AMPARs) at CA1 excitatory synapses (By similarity). May act as a regulator of adipogenesis (By similarity).
From NCBI Gene:
- Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 44
Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 44 (MRD44): A form of mental retardation, a disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD44 patients manifest developmental delay, variable intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and abnormalities of the fingers. Most patients also have microcephaly. [MIM:617061]