transmembrane protein 67
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the primary cilium and to the plasma membrane. The gene functions in centriole migration to the apical membrane and formation of the primary cilium. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Defects in this gene are a cause of Meckel syndrome type 3 (MKS3) and Joubert syndrome type 6 (JBTS6). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]
Required for ciliary structure and function. Part of the tectonic-like complex which is required for tissue-specific ciliogenesis and may regulate ciliary membrane composition (By similarity). Involved in centrosome migration to the apical cell surface during early ciliogenesis. Involved in the regulation of cilia length and appropriate number through the control of centrosome duplication. Required for cell branching morphology. Essential for endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of surfactant protein C (SFTPC).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- COACH syndrome
- Joubert syndrome 6
- Meckel syndrome type 3
- Nephronophthisis 11
- RHYNS syndrome
- Bardet-Biedl syndrome 14
Joubert syndrome 6 (JBTS6): A disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. [MIM:610688]
Nephronophthisis 11 (NPHP11): A disorder characterized by the association of nephronophthisis with hepatic fibrosis. Nephronophthisis is a progressive tubulo-interstitial kidney disorder histologically characterized by modifications of the tubules with thickening of the basement membrane, interstitial fibrosis and, in the advanced stages, medullary cysts. Typical clinical features are chronic renal failure, anemia, polyuria, polydipsia, isosthenuria, and growth retardation. Associations with extrarenal symptoms, especially ocular lesions, are frequent. [MIM:613550]
Meckel syndrome 3 (MKS3): A disorder characterized by a combination of renal cysts and variably associated features including developmental anomalies of the central nervous system (typically encephalocele), hepatic ductal dysplasia and cysts, and polydactyly. [MIM:607361]
RHYNS syndrome (RHYNS): An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by gaze palsy, retinitis pigmentosa, sensorineural hearing loss, hypopituitarism, nephronophthisis, and skeletal dysplasia. [MIM:602152]
Bardet-Biedl syndrome 14 (BBS14): A syndrome characterized by usually severe pigmentary retinopathy, early-onset obesity, polydactyly, hypogenitalism, renal malformation and mental retardation. Secondary features include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and congenital heart disease. Bardet-Biedl syndrome inheritance is autosomal recessive, but three mutated alleles (two at one locus, and a third at a second locus) may be required for clinical manifestation of some forms of the disease. [MIM:615991]
TMEM67 mutations result in ciliary dysfunction leading to a broad spectrum of disorders, collectively termed ciliopathies. Overlapping clinical features include retinal degeneration, renal cystic disease, skeletal abnormalities, fibrosis of various organ, and a complex range of anatomical and functional defects of the central and peripheral nervous system. The ciliopathy range of diseases includes Meckel-Gruber syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Joubert syndrome, and nephronophtisis among others. Single-locus allelism is insufficient to explain the variable penetrance and expressivity of such disorders, leading to the suggestion that variations across multiple sites of the ciliary proteome influence the clinical outcome.
COACH syndrome (COACHS): A disorder characterized by mental retardation, ataxia due to cerebellar hypoplasia, and hepatic fibrosis. Patients present the molar tooth sign, a midbrain-hindbrain malformation pathognomonic for Joubert syndrome and related disorders. Other features, such as coloboma and renal cysts, may be variable. [MIM:216360]