transmembrane protein 199
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene has been observed to localize to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) and coat protein complex I (COPI) in some human cells. The encoded protein shares some homology with the yeast protein Vma12. Defects in this gene are a cause of congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIp. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016]
Accessory component of the proton-transporting vacuolar (V)-ATPase protein pump involved in intracellular iron homeostasis. In aerobic conditions, required for intracellular iron homeostasis, thus triggering the activity of Fe(2+) prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) enzymes, and leading to HIF1A hydroxylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation. Necessary for endolysosomal acidification and lysosomal degradation (PubMed:28296633). May be involved in Golgi homeostasis (PubMed:26833330).
From NCBI Gene:
- CONGENITAL DISORDER OF GLYCOSYLATION, TYPE IIp
Congenital disorder of glycosylation 2P (CDG2P): A form of congenital disorder of glycosylation, a genetically heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive, multisystem disorders caused by a defect in glycoprotein biosynthesis and characterized by under-glycosylated serum glycoproteins. Congenital disorders of glycosylation result in a wide variety of clinical features, such as defects in the nervous system development, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, coagulation disorders, and immunodeficiency. The broad spectrum of features reflects the critical role of N-glycoproteins during embryonic development, differentiation, and maintenance of cell functions. CDG2P is characterized by mild metabolic dysfunction, primarily affecting the liver. Psychomotor development is normal. [MIM:616829]