transmembrane protein 107
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a transmembrane protein and component of the primary cilia transition zone. The encoded protein regulates ciliogenesis and ciliary protein composition. Human fibroblasts expressing a mutant allele of this gene exhibit reduced numbers of cilia, altered cilia length, and impaired sonic hedgehog signaling. In human patients, different mutations in this gene cause different ciliopathies, including Meckel-Gruber syndrome and orofaciodigital syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]
Plays a role in cilia formation and embryonic patterning. Requires for normal Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling in the neural tube and acts in combination with GLI2 and GLI3 to pattern ventral and intermediate neuronal cell types (By similarity). During ciliogenesis regulates the ciliary transition zone localization of some MKS complex proteins (PubMed:26518474).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Orofaciodigital syndrome 16
- Meckel syndrome 13
Meckel syndrome 13 (MKS13): A form of Meckel syndrome, a disorder characterized by a combination of renal cysts and variably associated features including developmental anomalies of the central nervous system (typically encephalocele), hepatic ductal dysplasia and cysts, and polydactyly. [MIM:617562]
Orofaciodigital syndrome 16 (OFD16): A form of orofaciodigital syndrome, a group of heterogeneous disorders characterized by malformations of the oral cavity, face and digits, and associated phenotypic abnormalities that lead to the delineation of various subtypes. OFD16 features include postaxial polydactyly of the hands and feet, multiple tongue cysts, and dysmorphic features, including frontal narrowing, short palpebral fissures, flat nasal bridge, retrognathia, and low-set ears. Neurologic features include delayed psychomotor development and severe cognitive impairment. OFD16 inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:617563]