teneurin transmembrane protein 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a large transmembrane protein that may be involved in the regulation of neuronal development. Mutation in this gene causes microphthalmia. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
Involved in neural development by regulating the establishment of proper connectivity within the nervous system. Acts in both pre- and postsynaptic neurons in the hippocampus to control the assembly of a precise topographic projection: required in both CA1 and subicular neurons for the precise targeting of proximal CA1 axons to distal subiculum, probably by promoting homophilic cell adhesion. Required for proper dendrite morphogenesis and axon targeting in the vertebrate visual system, thereby playing a key role in the development of the visual pathway. Regulates the formation in ipsilateral retinal mapping to both the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and the superior colliculus (SC). May also be involved in the differentiation of the fibroblast-like cells in the superficial layer of mandibular condylar cartilage into chondrocytes.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Microphthalmia, isolated, with coloboma 9
Microphthalmia, syndromic, 15 (MCOPS15): A form of microphthalmia, a disorder of eye formation, ranging from small size of a single eye to complete bilateral absence of ocular tissues (anophthalmia). In many cases, microphthalmia/anophthalmia occurs in association with syndromes that include non-ocular abnormalities. MCOPS15 is characterized by microphthalmia and/or coloboma, with developmental delay in which speech appears to be more severely affected than motor abilities. Additional ocular anomalies that have been observed include ptosis, keyhole-shaped pupils, microcornea, sclerocornea, and anterior segment dysgenesis. [MIM:615145]
Microphthalmia, isolated, with coloboma, 9 (MCOPCB9): A disorder of eye formation, ranging from small size of a single eye to complete bilateral absence of ocular tissues. Ocular abnormalities like opacities of the cornea and lens, scaring of the retina and choroid, and other abnormalities may also be present. Ocular colobomas are a set of malformations resulting from abnormal morphogenesis of the optic cup and stalk, and the fusion of the fetal fissure (optic fissure). [MIM:615145]