SZT2, KICSTOR complex subunit
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is expressed in the brain, predominantly in the parietal and frontal cortex as well as in dorsal root ganglia. It is localized to the peroxisome, and is implicated in resistance to oxidative stress. It likely functions by increasing superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, but itself has no direct SOD activity. Studies in mice show that this gene confers low seizure threshold, and may also enhance epileptogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]
As part of the KICSTOR complex functions in the amino acid-sensing branch of the TORC1 signaling pathway. Recruits, in an amino acid-independent manner, the GATOR1 complex to the lysosomal membranes and allows its interaction with GATOR2 and the RAG GTPases. Functions upstream of the RAG GTPases and is required to negatively regulate mTORC1 signaling in absence of amino acids. In absence of the KICSTOR complex mTORC1 is constitutively localized to the lysosome and activated. The KICSTOR complex is also probably involved in the regulation of mTORC1 by glucose (PubMed:28199306, PubMed:28199315). May play a role in the cellular response to oxidative stress.
From NCBI Gene:
- Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 18
Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 18 (EIEE18): A severe autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by lack of psychomotor development apparent from birth, dysmorphic facial features, early onset of refractory seizures, and thick corpus callosum and persistent cavum septum pellucidum on brain imaging. [MIM:615476]