SUFU negative regulator of hedgehog signaling
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The Hedgehog signaling pathway plays an important role in early human development. The pathway is a signaling cascade that plays a role in pattern formation and cellular proliferation during development. This gene encodes a negative regulator of the hedgehog signaling pathway. Defects in this gene are a cause of medulloblastoma. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
Negative regulator in the hedgehog/smoothened signaling pathway (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483, PubMed:12068298, PubMed:12975309, PubMed:27234298, PubMed:15367681, PubMed:22365972, PubMed:24217340, PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Down-regulates GLI1-mediated transactivation of target genes (PubMed:15367681, PubMed:24217340, PubMed:24311597). Down-regulates GLI2-mediated transactivation of target genes (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:24217340). Part of a corepressor complex that acts on DNA-bound GLI1. May also act by linking GLI1 to BTRC and thereby targeting GLI1 to degradation by the proteasome (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483, PubMed:24217340). Sequesters GLI1, GLI2 and GLI3 in the cytoplasm, this effect is overcome by binding of STK36 to both SUFU and a GLI protein (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483, PubMed:24217340). Negative regulator of beta-catenin signaling (By similarity). Regulates the formation of either the repressor form (GLI3R) or the activator form (GLI3A) of the full-length form of GLI3 (GLI3FL) (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). GLI3FL is complexed with SUFU in the cytoplasm and is maintained in a neutral state (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Without the Hh signal, the SUFU-GLI3 complex is recruited to cilia, leading to the efficient processing of GLI3FL into GLI3R (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). When Hh signaling is initiated, SUFU dissociates from GLI3FL and the latter translocates to the nucleus, where it is phosphorylated, destabilized, and converted to a transcriptional activator (GLI3A) (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Required for normal embryonic development (By similarity). Required for the proper formation of hair follicles and the control of epidermal differentiation (By similarity).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Gorlin syndrome
- JOUBERT SYNDROME 32
- Meningioma, familial
Medulloblastoma (MDB): Malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum with a preferential manifestation in children. [MIM:155255]
Basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS): An autosomal dominant disease characterized by nevoid basal cell carcinomas and developmental abnormalities such as rib and craniofacial alterations, polydactyly, syndactyly, and spina bifida. In addition, the patients suffer from a multitude of tumors like basal cell carcinomas, fibromas of the ovaries and heart, cysts of the skin, jaws and mesentery, as well as medulloblastomas and meningiomas. [MIM:109400]
Joubert syndrome 32 (JBTS32): A form of Joubert syndrome, a disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy, renal disease, liver fibrosis, and polydactyly. JBTS32 inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:617757]