signal recognition particle 72
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes the 72 kDa subunit of the signal recognition particle (SRP), a ribonucleoprotein complex that mediates the targeting of secretory proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The SRP complex consists of a 7S RNA and 6 protein subunits: SRP9, SRP14, SRP19, SRP54, SRP68, and SRP72, that are bound to the 7S RNA as monomers or heterodimers. SRP has at least 3 distinct functions that can be associated with the protein subunits: signal recognition, translational arrest, and ER membrane targeting by interaction with the docking protein. Mutations in this gene are associated with familial bone marrow failure. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]
Signal-recognition-particle assembly has a crucial role in targeting secretory proteins to the rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Binds the 7S RNA only in presence of SRP68. This ribonucleoprotein complex might interact directly with the docking protein in the ER membrane and possibly participate in the elongation arrest function.
From NCBI Gene:
- Bone marrow failure syndrome 1
Bone marrow failure syndrome 1 (BMFS1): An autosomal dominant disease characterized by aplastic anemia and myelodysplasia resulting from bone marrow failure. Aplastic anemia is a form of anemia in which the bone marrow fails to produce adequate numbers of peripheral blood elements. Myelodysplasia is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder in which immature cells in the bone marrow become malformed and dysfunctional. [MIM:614675]