sprouty related EVH1 domain containing 1
The SPRED1 gene provides instructions for making the Spred-1 protein, which helps control (regulate) the Ras/MAPK signaling pathway. The Ras/MAPK pathway is involved in the growth and division of cells (proliferation), the process by which cells mature to carry out specific functions (differentiation), cell movement, and the self-destruction of cells (apoptosis).
The Spred-1 protein attaches (binds) to a protein called Raf, which is part of the Ras/MAPK pathway. The binding of the Spred-1 protein blocks the activation of Raf, stopping the signaling through the remainder of the Ras/MAPK pathway.
Mutations in the SPRED1 gene cause Legius syndrome, a condition characterized by multiple café-au-lait spots, which are flat patches on the skin that are darker than the surrounding area.
Several mutations have been identified throughout the SPRED1 gene. These mutations lead to a nonfunctional Spred-1 protein, usually because the mutated gene provides instructions for a shortened protein. The nonfunctional Spred-1 protein is unable to bind and block the activation of the Raf protein, which means the Ras/MAPK pathway is continuously active. It is unclear how mutations in the SPRED1 gene cause the signs and symptoms of Legius syndrome.
- EVH1/Sprouty domain containing protein
- sprouty-related, EVH1 domain containing 1
- sprouty related, EVH1 domain containing 1
- sprouty-related, EVH1 domain-containing protein 1
- suppressor of Ras/MAPK activation