small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptide E
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a core component of U small nuclear ribonucleoproteins, which are key components of the pre-mRNA processing spliceosome. The encoded protein plays a role in the 3' end processing of histone transcripts. This protein is one of the targets in the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus, and mutations in this gene have been associated with hypotrichosis. Several pseudogenes of this gene have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2016]
Plays role in pre-mRNA splicing as core component of the SMN-Sm complex that mediates spliceosomal snRNP assembly and as component of the spliceosomal U1, U2, U4 and U5 small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome (PubMed:11991638, PubMed:18984161, PubMed:23246290, PubMed:19325628, PubMed:23333303, PubMed:25555158, PubMed:26912367, PubMed:28502770, PubMed:28781166, PubMed:28076346). Component of both the pre-catalytic spliceosome B complex and activated spliceosome C complexes (PubMed:11991638, PubMed:28502770, PubMed:28781166, PubMed:28076346). Is also a component of the minor U12 spliceosome (PubMed:15146077). As part of the U7 snRNP it is involved in histone 3'-end processing (PubMed:12975319). May indirectly play a role in hair development (PubMed:23246290).
From NCBI Gene:
- Hypotrichosis 11
Hypotrichosis 11 (HYPT11): A form of hypotrichosis, a condition characterized by the presence of less than the normal amount of hair and abnormal hair follicles and shafts, which are thin and atrophic. The extent of scalp and body hair involvement can be very variable, within as well as between families. HYPT11 is characterized by scanty or absent eyebrows and a highly variable degree of alopecia since birth, ranging from slight thinning of scalp and axillary hair to complete loss of scalp and body hair. Pubic hair remains mainly unaffected. [MIM:615059]