sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
Cleaves phosphorylated sphingoid bases (PSBs), such as sphingosine-1-phosphate, into fatty aldehydes and phosphoethanolamine. Elevates stress-induced ceramide production and apoptosis (PubMed:11018465, PubMed:14570870, PubMed:24809814, PubMed:28165339). Required for global lipid homeostasis in liver and cholesterol homeostasis in fibroblasts. Involved in the regulation of pro-inflammatory response and neutrophil trafficking. Modulates neuronal autophagy via phosphoethanolamine production which regulates accumulation of aggregate-prone proteins such as APP (By similarity). Seems to play a role in establishing neuronal contact sites and axonal maintenance (By similarity).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Nephrotic syndrome type 14
Nephrotic syndrome 14 (NPHS14): A form of nephrotic syndrome, a renal disease clinically characterized by severe proteinuria, resulting in complications such as hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema. Kidney biopsies show non-specific histologic changes such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and diffuse mesangial proliferation. NPHS14 is an autosomal recessive syndromic, steroid-resistant form that progresses to end-stage renal failure. Some NPHS14 patients manifest ichthyosis, adrenal insufficiency, immunodeficiency, and neurological defects. [MIM:617575]