SET domain containing 5
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This function of this gene has yet to be determined but based on sequence similarity to other SET domain proteins it may function as a histone methyltransferase. Mutations in this gene have been associated with an autosomal dominant form of intellectual disability. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
Chromatin regulator required for brain development: acts as a regulator of RNA elongation rate, thereby regulating neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and synaptic transmission. May act by mediating trimethylation of 'Lys-36' of histone H3 (H3K36me3), which is essential to allow on-time RNA elongation dynamics. Also monomethylates 'Lys-9' of histone H3 (H3K9me1) in vitro. The relevance of histone methyltransferase activity is however subject to discussion.
From NCBI Gene:
- Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 23
Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 23 (MRD23): A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD23 patients manifest moderate to severe intellectual disability with additional variable features of brachycephaly, a low hairline, depressed nasal bridge, prominent high nasal root, tubular nose, upslanting palpebral fissures, long and smooth philtrum, micrognathia, thin upper lip, and crowded teeth. Behavioral problems, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, hand flapping with ritualized behavior, and autism, are prominent features. [MIM:615761]