sodium voltage-gated channel beta subunit 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is the beta 2 subunit of the type II voltage-gated sodium channel. The encoded protein is involved in cell-cell adhesion and cell migration. Defects in this gene can be a cause of Brugada Syndrome, atrial fibrillation, or sudden infant death syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]
Crucial in the assembly, expression, and functional modulation of the heterotrimeric complex of the sodium channel. The subunit beta-2 causes an increase in the plasma membrane surface area and in its folding into microvilli. Interacts with TNR may play a crucial role in clustering and regulation of activity of sodium channels at nodes of Ranvier.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Atrial fibrillation, familial, 14
Atrial fibrillation, familial, 14 (ATFB14): A familial form of atrial fibrillation, a common sustained cardiac rhythm disturbance. Atrial fibrillation is characterized by disorganized atrial electrical activity and ineffective atrial contraction promoting blood stasis in the atria and reduces ventricular filling. It can result in palpitations, syncope, thromboembolic stroke, and congestive heart failure. [MIM:615378]
Genetic variations in SCN2B may be involved in Brugada syndrome (PubMed:23559163). This tachyarrhythmia is characterized by right bundle branch block and ST segment elevation on an electrocardiogram (ECG). It can cause the ventricles to beat so fast that the blood is prevented from circulating efficiently in the body. When this situation occurs, the individual will faint and may die in a few minutes if the heart is not reset.