sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 11
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Voltage-gated sodium channels are transmembrane glycoprotein complexes composed of a large alpha subunit with 24 transmembrane domains and one or more regulatory beta subunits. They are responsible for the generation and propagation of action potentials in neurons and muscle. This gene encodes one member of the sodium channel alpha subunit gene family, and is highly expressed in nociceptive neurons of dorsal root ganglia and trigeminal ganglia. It mediates brain-derived neurotrophic factor-evoked membrane depolarization and is a major effector of peripheral inflammatory pain hypersensitivity. Mutations in this gene have been associated with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type VII and familial episodic pain syndrome-3. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2017]
This protein mediates the voltage-dependent sodium ion permeability of excitable membranes. Assuming opened or closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane, the protein forms a sodium-selective channel through which sodium ions may pass in accordance with their electrochemical gradient. It is a tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel isoform. Also involved, with the contribution of the receptor tyrosine kinase NTRK2, in rapid BDNF-evoked neuronal depolarization.
From NCBI Gene:
- Episodic pain syndrome, familial, 3
- Neuropathy, hereditary sensory and autonomic, type VII
Episodic pain syndrome, familial, 3 (FEPS3): An autosomal dominant neurologic disorder characterized by paroxysmal pain mainly affecting the distal lower extremities and occasionally the upper body, especially the joints of fingers and arms. The pain is exacerbated with fatigue. [MIM:615552]
Neuropathy, hereditary sensory and autonomic, 7 (HSAN7): A form of hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy, a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by degeneration of dorsal root and autonomic ganglion cells, and by sensory and/or autonomic abnormalities. HSAN7 is characterized by congenital inability to experience pain resulting in self-mutilations, slow-healing wounds, and multiple painless fractures. mild muscle weakness, delayed motor development, slightly reduced motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities, hyperhidrosis and gastrointestinal dysfunction. [MIM:615548]