The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the R-spondin family of proteins. These proteins are secreted ligands of leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptors that enhance Wnt signaling through the inhibition of ubiquitin E3 ligases. A chromosomal translocation including this locus that results in the formation of a gene fusion has been identified in multiple human cancers. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
Activator of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway by acting as a ligand for LGR4-6 receptors. Upon binding to LGR4-6 (LGR4, LGR5 or LGR6), LGR4-6 associate with phosphorylated LRP6 and frizzled receptors that are activated by extracellular Wnt receptors, triggering the canonical Wnt signaling pathway to increase expression of target genes. Also regulates the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin-dependent pathway and non-canonical Wnt signaling by acting as an inhibitor of ZNRF3, an important regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway (PubMed:21909076, PubMed:21727895, PubMed:22615920). During embryonic development, plays a crucial role in limb specification, amplifying the Wnt signaling pathway independently of LGR4-6 receptors, possibly by acting as a direct antagonistic ligand to RNF43 and ZNRF3, hence governing the number of limbs an embryo should form (PubMed:29769720).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- TETRAAMELIA SYNDROME 2
- HUMEROFEMORAL HYPOPLASIA WITH RADIOTIBIAL RAY DEFICIENCY
Humerofemoral hypoplasia with radiotibial ray deficiency (HHRRD): A severe disease characterized by reduction of all four limbs as well as hypoplasia of the upper limb girdle and pelvis. Rudimentary finger- or toe-like appendages may be present. HHRRD transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:618022]
Tetraamelia syndrome 2 (TETAMS2): A form of tetraamelia, a rare disease characterized by rudimentary appendages or complete absence of all four limbs, and other anomalies such as craniofacial, nervous system, pulmonary, skeletal and urogenital defects. TETAMS2 patients manifest limb deformities, bilateral agenesis of the lungs, abnormalities of the pulmonary vasculature, labioscrotal fold aplasia, and dysmorphic features including bilateral cleft lip/palate, ankyloglossia, mandibular hypoplasia, and microretrognathia. TETAMS2 transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:618021]