ribosomal protein SA
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Laminins, a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins, are the major noncollagenous constituent of basement membranes. They have been implicated in a wide variety of biological processes including cell adhesion, differentiation, migration, signaling, neurite outgrowth and metastasis. Many of the effects of laminin are mediated through interactions with cell surface receptors. These receptors include members of the integrin family, as well as non-integrin laminin-binding proteins. This gene encodes a high-affinity, non-integrin family, laminin receptor 1. This receptor has been variously called 67 kD laminin receptor, 37 kD laminin receptor precursor (37LRP) and p40 ribosome-associated protein. The amino acid sequence of laminin receptor 1 is highly conserved through evolution, suggesting a key biological function. It has been observed that the level of the laminin receptor transcript is higher in colon carcinoma tissue and lung cancer cell line than their normal counterparts. Also, there is a correlation between the upregulation of this polypeptide in cancer cells and their invasive and metastatic phenotype. Multiple copies of this gene exist, however, most of them are pseudogenes thought to have arisen from retropositional events. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Required for the assembly and/or stability of the 40S ribosomal subunit. Required for the processing of the 20S rRNA-precursor to mature 18S rRNA in a late step of the maturation of 40S ribosomal subunits. Also functions as a cell surface receptor for laminin. Plays a role in cell adhesion to the basement membrane and in the consequent activation of signaling transduction pathways. May play a role in cell fate determination and tissue morphogenesis. Acts as a PPP1R16B-dependent substrate of PPP1CA.
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for the adeno-associated viruses 2,3,8 and 9, dengue virus, Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (PubMed:1385835, PubMed:15507651, PubMed:16973587). Also acts as a receptor for pathogenic prion protein and bacteria (PubMed:9396609, PubMed:11689427, PubMed:15516338).
From NCBI Gene:
- Asplenia, isolated congenital
Asplenia, isolated congenital (ICAS): A rare primary immunodeficiency and life-threatening condition, often presenting with pneumococcal sepsis. Most affected individuals die of severe bacterial infections in early childhood. Isolated asplenia is distinct from asplenia associated with other complex visceral defects, notably heterotaxy syndromes such as Ivemark syndrome. [MIM:271400]