ROS1 gene

ROS proto-oncogene 1, receptor tyrosine kinase

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This proto-oncogene, highly-expressed in a variety of tumor cell lines, belongs to the sevenless subfamily of tyrosine kinase insulin receptor genes. The protein encoded by this gene is a type I integral membrane protein with tyrosine kinase activity. The protein may function as a growth or differentiation factor receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Orphan receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) that plays a role in epithelial cell differentiation and regionalization of the proximal epididymal epithelium. May activate several downstream signaling pathways related to cell differentiation, proliferation, growth and survival including the PI3 kinase-mTOR signaling pathway. Mediates the phosphorylation of PTPN11, an activator of this pathway. May also phosphorylate and activate the transcription factor STAT3 to control anchorage-independent cell growth. Mediates the phosphorylation and the activation of VAV3, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor regulating cell morphology. May activate other downstream signaling proteins including AKT1, MAPK1, MAPK3, IRS1 and PLCG2.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From UniProt:

A chromosomal aberration involving ROS1 is found in a glioblastoma multiforme sample. An intra-chromosomal deletion del(6)(q21q21) is responsible for the formation of GOPC-ROS1 chimeric protein which is localized to the Golgi and has a constitutive receptor tyrosine kinase activity. A SLC34A2-ROS1 chimeric protein produced in non-small cell lung cancer cells also retains a constitutive kinase activity. A third type of chimeric protein CD74-ROS1 was also identified in those cells.

Cytogenetic Location: 6q22.1, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 6 at position 22.1

Molecular Location: base pairs 117,287,353 to 117,426,065 on chromosome 6 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 6q22.1, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 6 at position 22.1
  • c-ros-1
  • MCF3
  • ROS