ROS proto-oncogene 1, receptor tyrosine kinase
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This proto-oncogene, highly-expressed in a variety of tumor cell lines, belongs to the sevenless subfamily of tyrosine kinase insulin receptor genes. The protein encoded by this gene is a type I integral membrane protein with tyrosine kinase activity. The protein may function as a growth or differentiation factor receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Orphan receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) that plays a role in epithelial cell differentiation and regionalization of the proximal epididymal epithelium. May activate several downstream signaling pathways related to cell differentiation, proliferation, growth and survival including the PI3 kinase-mTOR signaling pathway. Mediates the phosphorylation of PTPN11, an activator of this pathway. May also phosphorylate and activate the transcription factor STAT3 to control anchorage-independent cell growth. Mediates the phosphorylation and the activation of VAV3, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor regulating cell morphology. May activate other downstream signaling proteins including AKT1, MAPK1, MAPK3, IRS1 and PLCG2.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
A chromosomal aberration involving ROS1 is found in a glioblastoma multiforme sample. An intra-chromosomal deletion del(6)(q21q21) is responsible for the formation of GOPC-ROS1 chimeric protein which is localized to the Golgi and has a constitutive receptor tyrosine kinase activity. A SLC34A2-ROS1 chimeric protein produced in non-small cell lung cancer cells also retains a constitutive kinase activity. A third type of chimeric protein CD74-ROS1 was also identified in those cells.