RNASEH2A gene

ribonuclease H2 subunit A

The RNASEH2A gene provides instructions for making one part (subunit) of a group of proteins called the RNase H2 complex. This complex is a ribonuclease, which means it is an enzyme that helps break down RNA, a chemical cousin of DNA. In particular, the RNase H2 complex helps break down molecules in which one strand of RNA is combined with one strand of DNA (RNA-DNA hybrids). These hybrids are formed during DNA copying (replication) and are found in all cells.

The RNase H2 complex is involved in DNA replication, error repair, and other cellular functions. Researchers believe that these additional functions may include helping to prevent inappropriate immune system activation.

At least nine mutations in the RNASEH2A gene have been identified in people with Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome. These mutations likely result in a dysfunctional RNase H2 complex. The resulting disruption in cellular functions may lead to an accumulation of unneeded DNA and RNA in cells. These DNA and RNA molecules or fragments may be generated during the first stage of protein production (transcription), replication of cells' genetic material in preparation for cell division, DNA repair, cell death, and other processes. The unneeded DNA and RNA may be mistaken by cells for those of viral invaders, triggering immune system reactions that cause severe brain dysfunction (encephalopathy), skin lesions, and other signs and symptoms of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome.

Cytogenetic Location: 19p13.13, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.13

Molecular Location: base pairs 12,802,054 to 12,813,648 on chromosome 19 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 19p13.13, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.13
  • AGS4
  • aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 protein
  • JUNB
  • ribonuclease H2, large subunit
  • ribonuclease H2, subunit A
  • ribonuclease HI large subunit
  • ribonuclease HI subunit A
  • ribonuclease HI, large subunit
  • RNase H(35)
  • RNase H2 subunit A
  • RNase HI large subunit
  • RNASEHI
  • RNH2A_HUMAN
  • RNHIA
  • RNHL