ras homolog family member H
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Ras superfamily of guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-metabolizing enzymes. The encoded protein is expressed in hematopoietic cells, where it functions as a negative regulator of cell growth and survival. This gene may be hypermutated or misexpressed in leukemias and lymphomas. Chromosomal translocations in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma occur between this locus and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6 (BCL6) on chromosome 3, leading to the production of fusion transcripts. Alternative splicing in the 5' untranslated region results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
Negative regulator of hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation, survival and migration. Critical regulator of thymocyte development and T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling by mediating recruitment and activation of ZAP70. Required for phosphorylation of CD3Z, membrane translocation of ZAP70 and subsequent activation of the ZAP70-mediated pathways. Essential for efficient beta-selection and positive selection by promoting the ZAP70-dependent phosphorylation of the LAT signalosome during pre-TCR and TCR signaling. Crucial for thymocyte maturation during DN3 to DN4 transition and during positive selection. Plays critical roles in mast cell function by facilitating phosphorylation of SYK in Fc epsilon RI-mediated signal transduction. Essential for the phosphorylation of LAT, LCP2, PLCG1 and PLCG2 and for Ca(2+) mobilization in mast cells (By similarity). Binds GTP but lacks intrinsic GTPase activity and is resistant to Rho-specific GTPase-activating proteins. Inhibits the activation of NF-kappa-B by TNF and IKKB and the activation of CRK/p38 by TNF. Inhibits activities of RAC1, RHOA and CDC42. Negatively regulates leukotriene production in neutrophils.
From NCBI Gene:
- EPIDERMODYSPLASIA VERRUCIFORMIS, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 4
A chromosomal aberration involving RHOH is found in a non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell line. Translocation t(3;4)(q27;p11) with BCL6.
Epidermodysplasia verruciformis 4 (EV4): A form of epidermodysplasia verruciformis, a rare genodermatosis associated with a high risk of skin carcinoma that results from an abnormal susceptibility to infection by specific human papillomaviruses, including the oncogenic HPV5. Infection leads to the early development of disseminated flat wart-like and pityriasis versicolor-like skin lesions. Cutaneous Bowen's carcinomas in situ and invasive squamous cell carcinomas develop in about half of the patients, mainly on sun-exposed skin areas. EV4 patients have decreased number of naive T cells, increased memory and effector T cells, and impaired T-cell receptor signaling. EV4 inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:618307]