retinal degeneration 3, GUCY2D regulator
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a retinal protein that is associated with promyelocytic leukemia-gene product (PML) bodies in the nucleus. Mutations in this gene cause Leber congenital amaurosis type 12, a disease that results in retinal degeneration. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
Plays a critical role in the regulation of enzymes involved in nucleotide cycle in photoreceptors (PubMed:29515371, PubMed:21928830, PubMed:21078983, PubMed:27471269, PubMed:30559291). Inhibits the basal catalytic activity and the GCAP-stimulated activity of GUCY2D and GUCY2F, two retinal guanylyl cyclases involved in the production of cGMP in photoreceptors (PubMed:21928830, PubMed:27471269, PubMed:29515371, PubMed:30559291). Involved in the transport of GUCY2D and GUCY2F to their target sites in the photoreceptor outer segment (PubMed:21078983). Up-regulates the activity of GUK1, a kinase that plays also an essential role for recycling GMP and indirectly, cGMP (PubMed:29515371). Plays an important role for the survival of rods and cones in the retina (By similarity).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Leber congenital amaurosis 12
Leber congenital amaurosis 12 (LCA12): A severe dystrophy of the retina, typically becoming evident in the first years of life. Visual function is usually poor and often accompanied by nystagmus, sluggish or near-absent pupillary responses, photophobia, high hyperopia and keratoconus. [MIM:610612]