RAX2 gene

retina and anterior neural fold homeobox 2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a homeodomain-containing protein that plays a role in eye development. Mutation of this gene causes age-related macular degeneration type 6, an eye disorder resulting in accumulations of protein and lipid beneath the retinal pigment epithelium and within the Bruch's membrane. Defects in this gene can also cause cone-rod dystrophy type 11, a disease characterized by the initial degeneration of cone photoreceptor cells and resulting in loss of color vision and visual acuity, followed by the degeneration of rod photoreceptor cells, which progresses to night blindness and the loss of peripheral vision. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]

From UniProt:

May be involved in modulating the expression of photoreceptor specific genes. Binds to the Ret-1 and Bat-1 element within the rhodopsin promoter.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Cone-rod dystrophy 11
  • Distal spinal muscular atrophy, autosomal recessive 2
  • Age-related macular degeneration 6

From UniProt:

Cone-rod dystrophy 11 (CORD11): An inherited retinal dystrophy characterized by retinal pigment deposits visible on fundus examination, predominantly in the macular region, and initial loss of cone photoreceptors followed by rod degeneration. This leads to decreased visual acuity and sensitivity in the central visual field, followed by loss of peripheral vision. Severe loss of vision occurs earlier than in retinitis pigmentosa. [MIM:610381]

Macular degeneration, age-related, 6 (ARMD6): A form of age-related macular degeneration, a multifactorial eye disease and the most common cause of irreversible vision loss in the developed world. In most patients, the disease is manifest as ophthalmoscopically visible yellowish accumulations of protein and lipid that lie beneath the retinal pigment epithelium and within an elastin-containing structure known as Bruch membrane. [MIM:613757]

Cytogenetic Location: 19p13.3, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.3

Molecular Location: base pairs 3,769,089 to 3,772,221 on chromosome 19 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 19p13.3, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.3
  • ARMD6
  • CORD11
  • QRX
  • RAXL1