PRLR gene

prolactin receptor

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a receptor for the anterior pituitary hormone, prolactin, and belongs to the type I cytokine receptor family. Prolactin-dependent signaling occurs as the result of ligand-induced dimerization of the prolactin receptor. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different membrane-bound and soluble isoforms have been described for this gene, which may function to modulate the endocrine and autocrine effects of prolactin in normal tissue and cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

From UniProt:

This is a receptor for the anterior pituitary hormone prolactin (PRL). Acts as a prosurvival factor for spermatozoa by inhibiting sperm capacitation through suppression of SRC kinase activation and stimulation of AKT. Isoform 4 is unable to transduce prolactin signaling. Isoform 6 is unable to transduce prolactin signaling.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Multiple fibroadenomas of the breast
  • Hyperprolactinemia

From UniProt:

Hyperprolactinemia (HPRL): A disorder characterized by increased levels of prolactin in the blood not associated with gestation or the puerperium. HPRL may result in infertility, hypogonadism, and galactorrhea. [MIM:615555]

Multiple fibroadenomas of the breast (MFAB): A benign breast disease marked by lobuloalveolar growth with abnormally high proliferation of the epithelium, and characterized by the presence of more than 3 fibroadenomas in one breast. Fibroadenomas are adenomas containing fibrous tissue. [MIM:615554]

Cytogenetic Location: 5p13.2, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 5 at position 13.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 35,048,295 to 35,230,589 on chromosome 5 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 5p13.2, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 5 at position 13.2
  • HPRL
  • hPRLrI
  • MFAB