PR/SET domain 6
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a transcriptional repressor and a member of the PRDM family. Family members contain a PR domain and multiple zinc-finger domains. The encoded protein is involved in regulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) contractile proteins. Mutations in this gene result in patent ductus arteriosus 3 (PDA3). [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]
Putative histone methyltransferase that acts as a transcriptional repressor of smooth muscle gene expression. Promotes the transition from differentiated to proliferative smooth muscle by suppressing differentiation and maintaining the proliferative potential of vascular smooth muscle cells. Also plays a role in endothelial cells by inhibiting endothelial cell proliferation, survival and differentiation. It is unclear whether it has histone methyltransferase activity in vivo. According to some authors, it does not act as a histone methyltransferase by itself and represses transcription by recruiting EHMT2/G9a. According to others, it possesses histone methyltransferase activity when associated with other proteins and specifically methylates 'Lys-20' of histone H4 in vitro. 'Lys-20' methylation represents a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression.
From NCBI Gene:
- Patent ductus arteriosus 3
Patent ductus arteriosus 3 (PDA3): A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal ductus arteriosus that fails to close after birth. Fetal ductus arteriosus connects the pulmonary artery to the descending aorta, allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the placenta. Normally, the ductus occludes shortly after birth. [MIM:617039]