PR/SET domain 16
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) occurs in a subset of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This gene is located near the 1p36.3 breakpoint and has been shown to be specifically expressed in the t(1:3)(p36,q21)-positive MDS/AML. The protein encoded by this gene is a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal PR domain. The translocation results in the overexpression of a truncated version of this protein that lacks the PR domain, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of MDS and AML. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Isoform 4: Binds DNA and functions as a transcriptional regulator (PubMed:12816872). Functions as a repressor of TGF-beta signaling (PubMed:14656887). May regulate granulocyte differentiation (PubMed:12816872).
Binds DNA and functions as a transcriptional regulator (PubMed:12816872). Displays histone methyltransferase activity and monomethylates 'Lys-9' of histone H3 (H3K9me1) in vitro (By similarity). Probably catalyzes the monomethylation of free histone H3 in the cytoplasm which is then transported to the nucleus and incorporated into nucleosomes where SUV39H methyltransferases use it as a substrate to catalyze histone H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation (By similarity). Likely to be one of the primary histone methyltransferases along with MECOM/PRDM3 that direct cytoplasmic H3K9me1 methylation (By similarity). Functions in the differentiation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) which is specialized in dissipating chemical energy in the form of heat in response to cold or excess feeding while white adipose tissue (WAT) is specialized in the storage of excess energy and the control of systemic metabolism (By similarity). Together with CEBPB, regulates the differentiation of myoblastic precursors into brown adipose cells (By similarity). Functions as a repressor of TGF-beta signaling (PubMed:19049980).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Left ventricular noncompaction 8
Left ventricular non-compaction 8 (LVNC8): A form of left ventricular non-compaction, a cardiomyopathy due to myocardial morphogenesis arrest and characterized by a hypertrophic left ventricle, a severely thickened 2-layered myocardium, numerous prominent trabeculations, deep intertrabecular recesses, and poor systolic function. Clinical manifestations are variable. Some affected individuals experience no symptoms at all, others develop heart failure. In some cases, left ventricular non-compaction is associated with other congenital heart anomalies. LVNC8 is an autosomal dominant condition. [MIM:615373]
Cardiomyopathy, dilated 1LL (CMD1LL): A disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. [MIM:615373]
A chromosomal aberration involving PRDM16 is found in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21). Isoform 4 is specifically expressed in adult T-cell leukemia.