PRDM16 gene

PR/SET domain 16

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

The reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) occurs in a subset of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This gene is located near the 1p36.3 breakpoint and has been shown to be specifically expressed in the t(1:3)(p36,q21)-positive MDS/AML. The protein encoded by this gene is a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal PR domain. The translocation results in the overexpression of a truncated version of this protein that lacks the PR domain, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of MDS and AML. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Binds DNA and functions as a transcriptional regulator. Functions in the differentiation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) which is specialized in dissipating chemical energy in the form of heat in response to cold or excess feeding while white adipose tissue (WAT) is specialized in the storage of excess energy and the control of systemic metabolism. Together with CEBPB, regulates the differentiation of myoblastic precursors into brown adipose cells. Functions also as a repressor of TGF-beta signaling. Isoform 4 may regulate granulocytes differentiation.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Left ventricular noncompaction 8

From UniProt:

Left ventricular non-compaction 8 (LVNC8): A form of left ventricular non-compaction, a cardiomyopathy due to myocardial morphogenesis arrest and characterized by a hypertrophic left ventricle, a severely thickened 2-layered myocardium, numerous prominent trabeculations, deep intertrabecular recesses, and poor systolic function. Clinical manifestations are variable. Some affected individuals experience no symptoms at all, others develop heart failure. In some cases, left ventricular non-compaction is associated with other congenital heart anomalies. LVNC8 is an autosomal dominant condition. [MIM:615373]

Cardiomyopathy, dilated 1LL (CMD1LL): A disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. [MIM:615373]

A chromosomal aberration involving PRDM16 is found in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21). Isoform 4 is specifically expressed in adult T-cell leukemia.

Cytogenetic Location: 1p36.32, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 1 at position 36.32

Molecular Location: base pairs 3,068,227 to 3,438,621 on chromosome 1 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109, GRCh38.p12) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 1p36.32, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 1 at position 36.32
  • CMD1LL
  • KMT8F
  • LVNC8
  • MEL1
  • PFM13