PNPT1 gene

polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase 1

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the evolutionary conserved polynucleotide phosphorylase family comprised of phosphate dependent 3'-to-5' exoribonucleases implicated in RNA processing and degradation. This enzyme is predominantly localized in the mitochondrial intermembrane space and is involved in import of RNA to mitochondria. Mutations in this gene have been associated with combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-13 and autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness-70. Related pseudogenes are found on chromosomes 3 and 7. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

From UniProt:

RNA-binding protein implicated in numerous RNA metabolic processes. Catalyzes the phosphorolysis of single-stranded polyribonucleotides processively in the 3'-to-5' direction. Mitochondrial intermembrane factor with RNA-processing exoribonulease activity. Component of the mitochondrial degradosome (mtEXO) complex, that degrades 3' overhang double-stranded RNA with a 3'-to-5' directionality in an ATP-dependent manner. Involved in the degradation of non-coding mitochondrial transcripts (MT-ncRNA) and tRNA-like molecules (PubMed:29967381). Required for correct processing and polyadenylation of mitochondrial mRNAs. Plays a role as a cytoplasmic RNA import factor that mediates the translocation of small RNA components, like the 5S RNA, the RNA subunit of ribonuclease P and the mitochondrial RNA-processing (MRP) RNA, into the mitochondrial matrix. Plays a role in mitochondrial morphogenesis and respiration; regulates the expression of the electron transport chain (ETC) components at the mRNA and protein levels. In the cytoplasm, shows a 3'-to-5' exoribonuclease mediating mRNA degradation activity; degrades c-myc mRNA upon treatment with IFNB1/IFN-beta, resulting in a growth arrest in melanoma cells. Regulates the stability of specific mature miRNAs in melanoma cells; specifically and selectively degrades miR-221, preferentially. Plays also a role in RNA cell surveillance by cleaning up oxidized RNAs. Binds to the RNA subunit of ribonuclease P, MRP RNA and miR-221 microRNA.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Deafness, autosomal recessive 70
  • Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 13

From UniProt:

Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 13 (COXPD13): A mitochondrial disorder characterized by early onset severe encephalomyopathy, dystonia, choreoathetosis, bucofacial dyskinesias and combined mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency. Nerve conductions velocities are decreased. Levels of plasma and cerebrospinal fluid lactate are increased. [MIM:614932]

Deafness, autosomal recessive, 70 (DFNB70): A form of non-syndromic deafness characterized by severe, bilateral hearing impairment with prelingual onset, resulting in inability to acquire normal speech. [MIM:614934]

Cytogenetic Location: 2p16.1, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 at position 16.1

Molecular Location: base pairs 55,634,061 to 55,693,853 on chromosome 2 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200228, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 2p16.1, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 at position 16.1
  • COXPD13
  • DFNB70
  • old-35
  • OLD35