procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane-bound homodimeric enzyme that is localized to the cisternae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The enzyme (cofactors iron and ascorbate) catalyzes the hydroxylation of lysyl residues in collagen-like peptides. The resultant hydroxylysyl groups are attachment sites for carbohydrates in collagen and thus are critical for the stability of intermolecular crosslinks. Some patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIB have deficiencies in lysyl hydroxylase activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes a series of essential post-translational modifications on Lys residues in procollagen (PubMed:11956192, PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Plays a redundant role in catalyzing the formation of hydroxylysine residues in -Xaa-Lys-Gly- sequences in collagens (PubMed:9582318, PubMed:9724729, PubMed:11956192, PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Plays a redundant role in catalyzing the transfer of galactose onto hydroxylysine groups, giving rise to galactosyl 5-hydroxylysine (PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Has an essential role by catalyzing the subsequent transfer of glucose moieties, giving rise to 1,2-glucosylgalactosyl-5-hydroxylysine residues (PubMed:10934207, PubMed:11896059, PubMed:11956192, PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Catalyzes hydroxylation and glycosylation of Lys residues in the MBL1 collagen-like domain, giving rise to hydroxylysine and 1,2-glucosylgalactosyl-5-hydroxylysine residues (PubMed:25419660). Essential for normal biosynthesis and secretion of type IV collagens (PubMed:18834968) (Probable). Essential for normal formation of basement membranes (By similarity).
From NCBI Gene:
- Bone fragility with contractures, arterial rupture, and deafness
Lysyl hydroxylase 3 deficiency (LH3 deficiency): Connective tissue disorder. The syndrome is characterized by congenital malformations severely affecting many tissues and organs and revealing features of several collagen disorders, most of them involving COL2A1 (type II collagen). The findings suggest that the failure of lysyl hydroxylation and hydroxylysyl carbohydrate addition, which affects many collagens, is the molecular basis of this syndrome. [MIM:612394]