PLD3 gene

phospholipase D family member 3

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a member of the phospholipase D (PLD) family of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids. The encoded protein is a single-pass type II membrane protein and contains two PLD phosphodiesterase domains. This protein influences processing of amyloid-beta precursor protein. Mutations in this gene are associated with Alzheimer disease risk. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

From UniProt:

May be involved in APP processing.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Alzheimer disease 19
  • SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 46

From UniProt:

Spinocerebellar ataxia 46 (SCA46): A form of spinocerebellar ataxia, a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of cerebellar disorders. Patients show progressive incoordination of gait and often poor coordination of hands, speech and eye movements, due to degeneration of the cerebellum with variable involvement of the brainstem and spinal cord. SCA46 is a slowly progressive, autosomal dominant form with onset in adulthood. [MIM:617770]

Genetic variants in PLD3 have been suggested to be associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer disease (PubMed:24336208, PubMed:25832409). Further studies, however, did not support PLD3 involvement in this disease (PubMed:25832408, PubMed:25832411, PubMed:25832413, PubMed:25832410, PubMed:26411346).

Cytogenetic Location: 19q13.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 40,348,395 to 40,378,490 on chromosome 19 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109, GRCh38.p12) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 19q13.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.2
  • AD19
  • HU-K4
  • HUK4
  • SCA46