phospholipase C gamma 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane signaling enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate to 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG) using calcium as a cofactor. IP3 and DAG are second messenger molecules important for transmitting signals from growth factor receptors and immune system receptors across the cell membrane. Mutations in this gene have been found in autoinflammation, antibody deficiency, and immune dysregulation syndrome and familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 3. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. It is a crucial enzyme in transmembrane signaling.
From NCBI Gene:
- Autoinflammation, antibody deficiency, and immune dysregulation, plcg2-associated
- Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 3
Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 3 (FCAS3): An autosomal dominant immune disorder characterized by the development of cutaneous urticaria, erythema, and pruritis in response to cold exposure. Affected individuals have variable additional immunologic defects, including antibody deficiency, decreased numbers of B-cells, defective B-cells, increased susceptibility to infection, and increased risk of autoimmune disorders. [MIM:614468]
Autoinflammation, antibody deficiency, and immune dysregulation PLCG2-associated (APLAID): An autosomal dominant systemic disorder characterized by recurrent blistering skin lesions with a dense inflammatory infiltrate and variable involvement of other tissues, including joints, the eye, and the gastrointestinal tract. Affected individuals have a mild humoral immune deficiency associated with recurrent sinopulmonary infections, but no evidence of circulating autoantibodies. [MIM:614878]