phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene is a main control point for the regulation of gluconeogenesis. The cytosolic enzyme encoded by this gene, along with GTP, catalyzes the formation of phosphoenolpyruvate from oxaloacetate, with the release of carbon dioxide and GDP. The expression of this gene can be regulated by insulin, glucocorticoids, glucagon, cAMP, and diet. Defects in this gene are a cause of cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase deficiency. A mitochondrial isozyme of the encoded protein also has been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Regulates cataplerosis and anaplerosis, the processes that control the levels of metabolic intermediates in the citric acid cycle. At low glucose levels, it catalyzes the cataplerotic conversion of oxaloacetate (OAA) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), the rate-limiting step in the metabolic pathway that produces glucose from lactate and other precursors derived from the citric acid cycle. At high glucose levels, it catalyzes the anaplerotic conversion of phosphoenolpyruvate to oxaloacetate.
From NCBI Gene:
- Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase deficiency, cytosolic
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase deficiency, cytosolic (PCKDC): An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by impaired gluconeogenesis, hypoglycemia, hypotonia, hepatomegaly, hepatic dysfunction, failure to thrive, lactic acidosis, and elevated tricarboxylic acid intermediates, particularly fumarate, in urine. [MIM:261680]