The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene belongs to the protocadherin gene family, a subfamily of the cadherin superfamily. The encoded protein consists of an extracellular domain containing 6 cadherin repeats, a transmembrane domain and a cytoplasmic tail that differs from those of the classical cadherins. The gene localizes to the region on chromosome 5 where the protocadherin gene clusters reside. The exon organization of this transcript is similar to that of the gene cluster transcripts, notably the first large exon, but no significant sequence homology exists. The function of this cellular adhesion protein is undetermined but mouse protocadherin 12 does not bind catenins and appears to have no affect on cell migration or growth. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Cellular adhesion molecule that may play an important role in cell-cell interactions at interendothelial junctions (By similarity). Acts as a regulator of cell migration, probably via increasing cell-cell adhesion (PubMed:21402705). Promotes homotypic calcium-dependent aggregation and adhesion and clusters at intercellular junctions (By similarity). Unable to bind to catenins, weakly associates with the cytoskeleton (By similarity).
From NCBI Gene:
- Diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia syndrome 1
Microcephaly, seizures, spasticity, and brain calcifications (MISSBC): An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by congenital microcephaly, hypothalamic midbrain dysplasia, epilepsy, and severe global developmental delay with profound intellectual disability, spasticity or dystonia. Brain imaging shows intracerebral calcifications. [MIM:251280]