par-3 family cell polarity regulator
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the PARD protein family. PARD family members interact with other PARD family members and other proteins; they affect asymmetrical cell division and direct polarized cell growth. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
Adapter protein involved in asymmetrical cell division and cell polarization processes (PubMed:27925688, PubMed:10954424). Seems to play a central role in the formation of epithelial tight junctions (PubMed:27925688). Targets the phosphatase PTEN to cell junctions (By similarity). Involved in Schwann cell peripheral myelination (By similarity). Association with PARD6B may prevent the interaction of PARD3 with F11R/JAM1, thereby preventing tight junction assembly (By similarity). The PARD6-PARD3 complex links GTP-bound Rho small GTPases to atypical protein kinase C proteins (PubMed:10934474). Required for establishment of neuronal polarity and normal axon formation in cultured hippocampal neurons (PubMed:19812038, PubMed:27925688).
Neural tube defects (NTD): Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy. Failure of neural tube closure can occur at any level of the embryonic axis. Common NTD forms include anencephaly, myelomeningocele and spina bifida, which result from the failure of fusion in the cranial and spinal region of the neural tube. NTDs have a multifactorial etiology encompassing both genetic and environmental components. [MIM:182940]