PALB2 gene

partner and localizer of BRCA2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a protein that may function in tumor suppression. This protein binds to and colocalizes with the breast cancer 2 early onset protein (BRCA2) in nuclear foci and likely permits the stable intranuclear localization and accumulation of BRCA2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Plays a critical role in homologous recombination repair (HRR) through its ability to recruit BRCA2 and RAD51 to DNA breaks (PubMed:16793542, PubMed:19423707, PubMed:19369211, PubMed:22941656, PubMed:24141787, PubMed:28319063). Strongly stimulates the DNA strand-invasion activity of RAD51, stabilizes the nucleoprotein filament against a disruptive BRC3-BRC4 polypeptide and helps RAD51 to overcome the suppressive effect of replication protein A (RPA) (PubMed:20871615). Functionally cooperates with RAD51AP1 in promoting of D-loop formation by RAD51 (PubMed:20871616). Serves as the molecular scaffold in the formation of the BRCA1-PALB2-BRCA2 complex which is essential for homologous recombination (PubMed:19369211). Via its WD repeats is proposed to scaffold a HR complex containing RAD51C and BRCA2 which is thought to play a role in HR-mediated DNA repair (PubMed:24141787). Essential partner of BRCA2 that promotes the localization and stability of BRCA2 (PubMed:16793542). Also enables its recombinational repair and checkpoint functions of BRCA2 (PubMed:16793542). May act by promoting stable association of BRCA2 with nuclear structures, allowing BRCA2 to escape the effects of proteasome-mediated degradation (PubMed:16793542). Binds DNA with high affinity for D loop, which comprises single-stranded, double-stranded and branched DNA structures (PubMed:20871616). May play a role in the extension step after strand invasion at replication-dependent DNA double-strand breaks; together with BRCA2 is involved in both POLH localization at collapsed replication forks and DNA polymerization activity (PubMed:24485656).

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Pancreatic cancer 3
  • Familial cancer of breast
  • Fanconi anemia, complementation group N

From UniProt:

Breast cancer (BC): A common malignancy originating from breast epithelial tissue. Breast neoplasms can be distinguished by their histologic pattern. Invasive ductal carcinoma is by far the most common type. Breast cancer is etiologically and genetically heterogeneous. Important genetic factors have been indicated by familial occurrence and bilateral involvement. Mutations at more than one locus can be involved in different families or even in the same case. [MIM:114480]

Fanconi anemia complementation group N (FANCN): A disorder affecting all bone marrow elements and resulting in anemia, leukopenia and thrombopenia. It is associated with cardiac, renal and limb malformations, dermal pigmentary changes, and a predisposition to the development of malignancies. At the cellular level it is associated with hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents, chromosomal instability (increased chromosome breakage) and defective DNA repair. [MIM:610832]

Pancreatic cancer 3 (PNCA3): A malignant neoplasm of the pancreas. Tumors can arise from both the exocrine and endocrine portions of the pancreas, but 95% of them develop from the exocrine portion, including the ductal epithelium, acinar cells, connective tissue, and lymphatic tissue. [MIM:613348]

Cytogenetic Location: 16p12.2, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 16 at position 12.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 23,603,162 to 23,641,337 on chromosome 16 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 16p12.2, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 16 at position 12.2
  • PNCA3