3-oxoacid CoA-transferase 1
The OXCT1 gene provides instruction for making an enzyme called succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid CoA transferase, often abbreviated as SCOT. The SCOT enzyme is made in the energy-producing centers of cells (mitochondria). The enzyme plays a role in the breakdown of ketones, which are molecules produced by the liver during the breakdown of fats. Ketones are an important source of energy during prolonged periods without food (fasting) or when energy demands are increased, such as during illness or when exercising. In the processing of ketones, the SCOT enzyme converts the molecule acetoacetate to acetoacetyl-CoA.
At least 20 mutations in the OXCT1 gene have been found to cause SCOT deficiency, a condition characterized by episodes of extreme tiredness, appetite loss, and seizures, known as ketoacidotic attacks. Most OXCT1 gene mutations lead to changes in single protein building blocks (amino acids) in the SCOT enzyme and result in an enzyme with little or no function. A reduction in the amount of functional enzyme leads to an inability to break down ketones, often resulting in decreased energy production and an elevated level of ketones in the blood. If these signs become severe, a ketoacidotic attack can occur.
- 3-oxoacid CoA transferase 1
- 3-oxoacid-CoA transferase 1
- somatic-type succinyl CoA:3-oxoacid CoA-transferase
- somatic-type succinyl-CoA:3-oxoacid-CoA-transferase
- succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid-CoA transferase
- succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid-coenzyme A transferase 1, mitochondrial
- succinyl CoA:3-oxoacid CoA transferase