nudix hydrolase 15
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes an enzyme that belongs to the Nudix hydrolase superfamily. Members of this superfamily catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleoside diphosphates, including substrates like 8-oxo-dGTP, which are a result of oxidative damage, and can induce base mispairing during DNA replication, causing transversions. The encoded enzyme is a negative regulator of thiopurine activation and toxicity. Mutations in this gene result in poor metabolism of thiopurines, and are associated with thiopurine-induced early leukopenia. Multiple pseudogenes of this gene have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2016]
Mediates the hydrolysis of some nucleoside diphosphate derivatives. Can degrade 8-oxo-dGTP in vitro, suggesting that it may remove an oxidatively damaged form of guanine (7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine) from DNA and the nucleotide pool, thereby preventing misincorporation of 8-oxo-dGTP into DNA thus preventing A:T to C:G transversions. Its substrate specificity in vivo however remains unclear (By similarity). May have a role in DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression through the interaction with PCNA.