NLR family CARD domain containing 4
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the caspase recruitment domain-containing NLR family. Family members play essential roles in innate immune response to a wide range of pathogenic organisms, tissue damage and other cellular stresses. Mutations in this gene result in autoinflammation with infantile enterocolitis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]
Key component of inflammasomes that indirectly senses specific proteins from pathogenic bacteria and fungi and responds by assembling an inflammasome complex that promotes caspase-1 activation, cytokine production and macrophage pyroptosis (PubMed:15107016). The NLRC4 inflammasome is activated as part of the innate immune response to a range of intracellular bacteria.
From NCBI Gene:
- Autoinflammation with infantile enterocolitis
- Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 4
Autoinflammation with infantile enterocolitis (AIFEC): An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by neonatal-onset enterocolitis, periodic fever, and fatal or near-fatal episodes of autoinflammation. Affected individuals tend to have poor overall growth and gastrointestinal symptoms in infancy, recurrent febrile episodes with splenomegaly, and sometimes hematologic disturbances, arthralgias, or myalgias. [MIM:616050]
Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 4 (FCAS4): A form of autoinflammatory syndrome, a rare autosomal dominant systemic disease characterized by recurrent episodes of maculopapular rash associated with arthralgias, myalgias, fever and chills, swelling of the extremities, and conjunctivitis after generalized exposure to cold. [MIM:616115]