NHS actin remodeling regulator
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a protein containing four conserved nuclear localization signals. The encoded protein functions in eye, tooth, craniofacial and brain development, and it can regulate actin remodeling and cell morphology. Mutations in this gene have been shown to cause Nance-Horan syndrome, and also X-linked cataract-40. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
May function in cell morphology by maintaining the integrity of the circumferential actin ring and controlling lamellipod formation. Involved in the regulation eye, tooth, brain and craniofacial development.
From NCBI Gene:
- Cataract 40
- Nance-Horan syndrome
Cataract 40 (CTRCT40): An opacification of the crystalline lens of the eye that frequently results in visual impairment or blindness. Opacities vary in morphology, are often confined to a portion of the lens, and may be static or progressive. CTRCT40 manifests as a congenital nuclear opacity with severe visual impairment in affected males. Heterozygous females have suture cataracts and only slight reduction in vision. In some cases, cataract is associated with microcornea without any other systemic anomaly or dysmorphism. Microcornea is defined by a corneal diameter inferior to 10 mm in both meridians in an otherwise normal eye. [MIM:302200]
Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS): Rare X-linked disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, dental anomalies, dysmorphic features, and, in some cases, mental retardation. Distinctive dental anomalies are seen in affected males, including supernumerary incisors and crown shaped permanent teeth. Characteristic facial features are anteverted pinnae, long face, and prominent nasal bridge and nose. Carrier females display milder variable symptoms of disease with lens opacities often involving the posterior Y sutures, and on occasion dental anomalies and the characteristic facial features described. [MIM:302350]
Cytogenetic Location: Xp22.2-p22.13, which is the short (p) arm of the X chromosome between positions 22.2 and 22.13
Molecular Location: base pairs 17,375,200 to 17,735,994 on the X chromosome (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20191205, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)