NDUFS4 gene

NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit S4

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes an nuclear-encoded accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (complex I, or NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase). Complex I removes electrons from NADH and passes them to the electron acceptor ubiquinone. Mutations in this gene can cause mitochondrial complex I deficiencies such as Leigh syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]

From UniProt:

Accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I), that is believed not to be involved in catalysis. Complex I functions in the transfer of electrons from NADH to the respiratory chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme is believed to be ubiquinone.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Leigh syndrome
  • Mitochondrial complex I deficiency

From UniProt:

Mitochondrial complex I deficiency (MT-C1D): A disorder of the mitochondrial respiratory chain that causes a wide range of clinical manifestations from lethal neonatal disease to adult-onset neurodegenerative disorders. Phenotypes include macrocephaly with progressive leukodystrophy, non-specific encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy, myopathy, liver disease, Leigh syndrome, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, and some forms of Parkinson disease. [MIM:252010]

Leigh syndrome (LS): An early-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of focal, bilateral lesions in one or more areas of the central nervous system including the brainstem, thalamus, basal ganglia, cerebellum and spinal cord. Clinical features depend on which areas of the central nervous system are involved and include subacute onset of psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, ataxia, weakness, vision loss, eye movement abnormalities, seizures, and dysphagia. [MIM:256000]

Cytogenetic Location: 5q11.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 5 at position 11.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 53,560,610 to 53,683,341 on chromosome 5 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 5q11.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 5 at position 11.2
  • AQDQ
  • CI-18
  • CI-18 kDa
  • CI-AQDQ